Emerging Areas of Mechanical Engineering

While mechanical engineers are upbeat about the future for their profession, they are less certain that their skills will be adequate to meet global challenges in the coming 20 years, a new study on the future of the engineering profession concludes.

Mechanical engineers are generally optimistic about their ability to solve major global problems over the next two decades, although they believe they will need additional skills to remain competitive, according to a new study by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

New job opportunities for Mechanical engineers

•  Artificial Intelligence, Robotics & Mechatronics ;
•  Quality Assurance, Six Sigma & Lean Manufacturing ;
•  Simulation , Modeling and Experimental Research ;
•  Advance Production Engg. & Automation ;
•  Supply Chain Management;
•  Environmental & Sustainability issues;
•  Composite Materials ;
•  Application of Nanotechnology ;
•  Recent Advances in Automobile Engineering;
•  Renewable Energy Technology ;
•  Globalization issues in Production & Energy Management ;
•  CAD/CAM ;
•  Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer ;
•  Refrigeration & Air-conditioning ;
•  Professional Ethics & Intellectual Property;

Details of 8 Hottest Emerging Segment of Engineering

In the past one decade, not only the number of engineering graduates has increased phenomenally, but also the advent of fields and sectors to work in, thanks to the tech boom! For aspirants who manage not to fit in the box and love to work out of it, here’s a list of eight hot jobs that will help them break into the new fields of engineering, as per a website:

3D Printing: With some of the biggest industries in India already applying it for design visualization and optimization, 3D printing is a revolutionary technology that is sprawling in almost all modern work fields. The most important feature of this profession is that it enables manufacturing to be closer to its markets and customers and one doesn’t need huge factories with manufacturing setups.

Even the traditional Indian jeweller houses have started deploying it for making ornaments with complex design patterns.

Energy systems: Energy Systems Engineering is a multidisciplinary programme that aims to meet the current and growing challenge of declining fossil fuel resources and the demand for alternative, renewable energy sources as a whole. The energy system program covers engineering knowledge and skills in areas such as energy generation, conversion, electrical power systems and energy management. It also enables individuals in understanding of the global and local impact of energy conversion, distribution in a system to influence public policy decisions in the long run.

UAV developments: An unmanned aerial vehicle commonly known as a drone is growing is huge popularity with some of the top online companies for the quick delivery of the ordered goods to the customers. And due to this adverse effect, jobs and careers in UAV domain continue to grow.

UAV applications are used in various missions and some of them include the aerial imagery for civil and military purposes, counter operations during terrorist attacks, environmental studies, surveillance of disaster-prone areas and many other functions where in-depth operations are necessary.

Advanced Materials: The field of advanced materials originally germinates from the research offerings in physics and chemistry. The domain essentially involves characterization, synthesis and processing of advanced materials to understand their original properties. This advanced materials engineering decisively work on high-end research equipment like, Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) which is applicable in the healthcare industry. Even though it’s a niche course some of the leading world universities offer postgraduate courses in advanced materials for chemical engineers and others.

Fuel Cells: Fuel cell is one of the emerging specialized fields of chemical engineering, which converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygen or another oxidizing agent. The emerging fuel cells engineering is most often directed at making variants that consume less power at extreme conditions and deliver the maximum output of temperature by using new-age materials. Engineers who are looking to take this as a career option are most probably recruited at energy and automobile companies.

Nanotech: Nanotechnology engineering is a multi-specialized engineering field which simultaneously draws benefits in areas such as materials science, engineering, chemistry, physics, and biology. Indeed, it is all about generating new technology by unleashing the potential of materials at nanoscale. A degree in the field of nanotechnology will give engineers a practical education in key areas of nanotechnology that include the fundamental chemistry, physics, engineering of nanostructures as well as the theories and techniques used to model, design, fabricate, or characterize these technologies.

Robotics:  If not now, we all know that robots will play a greater part in providing services than what they do today. In fact creating robots might continue to be expensive and some high-end models might cost as much as an economy car but that doesn’t stop individuals from seizing the opportunity the profession has to offer in future. The coming together of electrical, computer and mechanical engineering principles has created a strong foundation for engineering in robotics. To justify that surgeries in healthcare are now assisted by robotic equipment for accuracy, invasiveness and high efficiency.

Simulation Tools: Simulation technology is an engineering concept which enables replication of the phenomenon based on certain mathematical formulas and programmes. Simulation software is widely used design equipment so that the final product will be as close to design specs without expensive in process modification.

Engineers who are thinking of a career in simulation engineering could be a great bet because there is in an array of industries they can choose from that includes the healthcare, gaming, manufacturing, transportation and automobile.