IoT is fun and challenging to work on. You need several kind of skills to build a good and innovative project from scratch to product. You can build your IoT team that can help you in every step. A good team is better than a person. A good team can help solving different challenges in innovative ways.
Here is what you should have in your IoT Team.
1. Solutions Architect
A solution architect is the person in charge of leading the practice and introducing the technical vision for a solution.
Solution architects design the building. They decide how the roof connects to the walls, and how the structure keeps itself from falling. They don’t necessarily have to hammer all the nails or pour the concrete. Hence, a Solutions Architect with a solid understanding of every part of the system with deep knowledge of at least a couple parts is required.
Beyond that, it is imperative for the architect to identify talent gaps in the team. Knowing this they can hire new talent, contract out or rescope the solution so they can deliver on the project. In this regard, they are the technical leader which requires delegation, strong communication skills, project management. They vision on how to carry a project forward without getting stuck in the weeds.
Typically, the design requirements will cover:
- Device Software
- Communication Networks
- Cloud Platform & Infrastructure
- Application Development
- Security, Sourcing, and Scale
Every great project need a vision and a strong base to start. A solution architect will do it.
The solution architect is the leader of your IoT team.
2. Software Engineer
Without a software engineer your IoT team is hollow.
The Software Engineer works to make your physical product, a smart, connected product. By connecting to the cloud, businesses can gather valuable data and display that data in dashboards through desktop and mobile applications.
In this space, the Software Engineer is going to spend a ton of time building out the digital model that defines the properties, events, and services associated with IoT use cases. This process turns all the data streaming from the products into actionable analytics as well as information that is ready to be consumed on end-user devices.
Typical software requirements will cover:
- Solid organization schemas to manage incoming data
- Knowledge of building scalable cloud infrastructures
- Experience integrating systems via RESTful APIs, Web Sockets and other web-based communication protocols
- Automated testing expertise
- Understanding of software lifecycle tools such as GIT, NPM, Gradle, etc.
Software engineer is the basic need of an IoT team, he/she will help you get your project working from inside.
Software engineer is heart of your IoT team.
3. Data Scientist
Behind the scene is the data guru who sets up the logic, rules, and algorithms to make this happen.
One thing to keep in mind is Data Scientists are going to bring the most value to IoT apps that focus on optimize and automate use cases. If you’re simply connecting a product up and monitoring its behaviors or sending remote commands, there’s less of a need for a Data Scientist. This is something to keep in mind as you plan out on your IoT project.
If you want to have a powerful and high yielding business model, data scientist will help you out.
Typical data scientist requirements will cover:
- Ability to analyze, extract, normalize, and organize relevant data
- Deep knowledge of descriptive, diagnostic, predictive and prescriptive data analytics
- Industry experience in data science and analysis
- Bonus if they have experience developing Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL) models
A data scientist can help saving you a lot a time by reducing the time in data handling.
A data scientist is the processor of you IoT team.
4. Embedded Developer
The Embedded Developer builds agents and other software that operate on the devices themselves. These edge software systems collect the data and get it ready for transport and in many cases do local processing such as analytics.
Now in some cases, the Embedded Developer may not be required if you are connecting your IoT application to existing software infrastructure such as your manufacturing execution system (MES) on the manufacturing floor.
But if you want to stay away from electronics related problems embedded developer will help.
Typical embedded requirements will cover:
- Experience developing agents with SDKs for different programming languages (Java, C, .NET, Lua, etc.)
- Strong understanding of network protocols, policies and best practices
- A good sense of how to optimize data flow by thinking about time, quantity, and quality of data
- A strong understanding of the trade-offs between local and cloud level processing and how it can optimize data traffic
Embedded engineer help connecting the software with hardware.
Embedded developer is the networker of your IoT team.
5. IT Administrator
Maintaining the project’s IT network, servers, and security systems are nothing to take lightly.
One thing to keep in mind is that the IT Administrator can play a role in both building and operating the IoT Application. On the build side, they are responsible for installation, setting up infrastructure (servers, data storage), permissions and control as well as security. Whereas on the operating side, they will focus on granting access to the platform, maintaining software updates, scaling the solution and any type of service that keeps the system optimized.
Typical IT requirements will cover:
- Ability to maintain infrastructure security and integrity
- Experience keeping systems scalable and performant with a specific focus on the added challenge of high scale connectivity.
- Knowledge to avoid system/network outages
- Understanding of security challenges in IoT environments
He/ She will help you secure your IoT product.
IT Administrator is a security manager of your IoT team.
6. UI/UX Designer
The UI/UX Designer plays a significant role in the product development lifecycle. They are often part of early conversations when the use cases are defined and the product experience is envisioned. During the latter stages of development, they continue to bring value to the team by designing interfaces that bring a product to life.
The UI/UX Designer is going to be a game changer if you are working in the consumer space. This means you need mobile developers who can design cross-platform, make simple and elegant interaction experiences, and create helpful design requirements that get passed off to the software team.
Typical UI/UX Designer requirements will cover:
- Proficiency in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator
- Experienced in Sketch
- Comfortable with web design and development
- Good grasp of a product development process
- Experience designing mobile, tablet and desktop applications.
In today’s world design and engineering go hand in hand, so don’t miss out on this essential team requirement.
The UI/UX Designer is the artist of your IoT team.
7. Mechatronics Engineer
If you are building new smart, connected products, Mechatronic Engineers are a must. The connected devices of the future require expertise in electrical and mechanical engineering.
If you want a highly customized solution at the hardware level, be it to save money, gather different data, or meet special requirements like being waterproof or solar powered, you’ll need someone who can design from the ground up.
Mechanical and Electrical Engineers are pivoting to IoT as new product development includes both software and hardware features.
Typical Mechatronics requirements will cover:
- Experience developing embedded systems and sensors
- Substantial working experience with embedded software development
- Experience designing and modifying printed circuit board (PCB) layouts
- Ability to work directly with part suppliers on design for manufacturability (DFM) and tool/part
- Knowledge of evergreen design strategy
Mechatronics engineer will solve all your hardware related issues.
Mechatronics engineer is the hardware guy in your IoT team.
Gather your friends to start working on IoT, be prepared for the challenges. You will not need all these if you are just beginning in IoT. Try to gather these skills slowly and one day you will have your IoT team ready to compete the world.