GATE 2018: Verbal Ability Preparation

Verbal Ability is essentially an indispensable part of the GATE exam. It is indeed a high scoring topic in GATE. Eckovation has devised this article with a view to help the aspirants learn as to how to prepare Verbal Ability section for GATE 2018 exam.

This article will cast light on the important topics of Verbal Ability, types of questions asked and preparation tips shared by experts.

In order to assist you in your GATE preparation , We provide Free Quiz (chapter wise) , study tips , preparation Tips for GATE 2018 preparation .

Topics from which questions are asked in GATE

1 ) English Grammar:

This would comprise of questions such as

a) Identifying the grammatically Correct and Incorrect sentences

b)Identifying the Incorrectly Spelt words: The test designer would such select words which are fairly common and are used regularly yet are often spelt incorrectly.

Illustrative Example:

Rajan abided by all the rules which was explained to him before programme.

(A) all the rules which was

(B) all the rules which were

(C) all the rule which were

(D) all rules which was

Solution:

Answer is B. “Was” in the sentence refers to “rules” which is plural, “were” should be used.

2) Sentence Completion:

Questions based on this are specifically designed to evaluate the candidate’s vocabulary.These questions comprise of an incomplete sentence followed by 4 – 5 words offered as  options.

Candidates are required to complete the sentence by selecting the most appropriate word.Candidates must solve these questions very cautiously since generally, more than one option fits the sentence satisfactorily

Illustrative Example

Choose the most appropriate word from the options given to complete the following sentence. If the country has to achieve the real prosperity, it is _________that the fruits of progress reach all, and in equal measure.

A) inevitable

B) contingent

C) oblivious

D) imperative

Solution: Answer is D

INEVITABLE: unavoidable (usage: Inevitable circumstances)

CONTINGENT: dependent

OBLIVIOUS: lacking conscious awareness (usage: The patient was completely oblivious to physical pain)

IMPERATIVE: a rule, principle or instinct that compels a certain behaviour; absolutely necessary

3) Verbal Analogies:

These questions are based on identifying the relationship between the given words in the group. These questions are meant to evaluate candidate’s reasoning ability and vocabulary.

To be able to solve these questions, candidates’ must develop an understanding of the precise meaning of the words in the question and identify and analyze what exactly is the relationship between them.Then you must review the answer options to see which one is the most appropriate.

Illustrative Example:

Direction: The questions below consists of a pair of related words, followed by four pair of words. Select the pair that best expresses the relation in the original pair.

Unemployed:Worker

A)  Fallow:Land

B) Unaware:Sleeper

C) Wit:Jester

D) Renovated:House

Solution

Unemployed:Worker – Here one is opposite to other

A)  Fallow:Land – Fallow means undeveloped land

B) Unaware:Sleeper – both are similar

C) Wit:Jester – Wit means ability to make jokes and Jester is Joker

D) Renovated:House – Renovate means to make better and House can be renovated.

4) Word Groups:

This section comprises of questions on

Antonyms and Synonyms : These are designed to test the candidate’s vocabulary. Candidates must have the understanding of the precise meaning of the given words to be able to filter out the word which is the antonym or the synonym.

Illustrative example

In the following the questions choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the given word.

ALERT

A) Energetic

B) Observant

C) Intelligent

D) Watchful

Answer – D

Word Pair Questions: In these questions, you need to first identify the  relationship between ‘X is to Y’ words before reviewing the options. Identifying the relationship will help you arrive at the solution quickly.

5) Critical Reasoning and Verbal Deduction

In these questions, the question is presented in the form of series of facts expressed in statements and candidates are required to understand and manipulate the statements in order to solve a specific problem.

These comprise of questions from:

                 Statement and Assumptions

                 Statement and Arguments

                 Statement and Inference

                 Strong and Weak Arguments

Illustrative Example:

Neuroscientist: Memory evolved to help animals react appropriately to situations they encounter by drawing on the past experience of similar situations. But this does not require that animals perfectly recall every detail of all their experiences. Instead, to function well, memory should generalize from past experiences that are similar to the current one.

The neuroscientist’s statements, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?

A) At least some animals perfectly recall every detail of at least some past experiences.
B)Perfectly recalling every detail of all their past experiences could help at least some animals react more appropriately than they otherwise would to new situations they encounter.
C)Generalizing from past experiences requires clear memories of most if not all the details of those experiences.
D)Animals can often react more appropriately than they otherwise would to situations they encounter if they draw on generalizations from past experiences of similar situations.
Answer is D-
Reasoning
What conclusion would the neuroscientist’s theory about memory most strongly support? The neuroscientist asserts that the evolutionary function of memory is to help animals learn to react appropriately by drawing on generalizations from similar experiences they have had. If memory is to serve this function, drawing on generalizations must actually help animals learn to react more appropriately than they otherwise would, even when they do not remember all the details of past experiences.A   Even if no animal ever recalls all the details of any past experience, animals could still learn through generalizations, as the neuroscientist claims.
B   This statement could be false even if all of what the neuroscientist says is true. Even if it were never helpful for any animal to recall every detail of all its past experiences, animals could still benefit by learning through generalizations.
C   Generalizations from experiences might be made while the experiences are occurring, so that only the generalizations and not the details need to be remembered.
D   Correct. If the evolutionary function of memory is to help animals react more appropriately by drawing on generalizations from past experiences, it follows that animal memories can often successfully serve this function in this manner.

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