There always will be discussions what happened first egg or chicken and there always will be disagreement on whether Git and GitHub are the same or not. Spoiler, they are not the same, but they are connected, just like chicken and the egg. Here a brief guide on Git and GitHub and their connection and differences. In short, Git is a tool and Github is a space where you can use and keep that tool. In long here are some more information.
Origin of Git
Git is a distributed version control system that allows developers to track changes in files and work with other developers. It was developed in 2005 by Linus Torvalds, the creator of Linux.
Linus Torvalds, Git and Linux creator
Git stands apart from other SCRs because of the approach to working with data. Most other systems store information in the form of a list of changes in the files. Instead, Git’s approach to storing data is more like a set of snapshots of a miniature file system. Every time you save the state of your project in Git, the system remembers how each file looks at this moment and saves a link to this snapshot. So in case if you messed up with your code and ctrl+Z does not work, Git allows you to revert files to a previous state you can even revert the entire project back, compare changes over time, see who last modified something that might be causing a problem, who introduced an issue and when. Git it actually does not have to have any server. Through git technology, you can make your own local machine as a source code repository not required to have a centralized server.
Benefits of using Git
Git is the free and open source, small and fast. Also, it performs all operations locally, which increases its speed. In addition, Git locally saves the entire repository to a small file without loss of data quality. It is effective in keeping backups, so there are few cases where someone lost data when using Git. In Git, managing branches is much easier and more efficient. Git is very good for tracking code, but not for design. For that, you can use Github, which uses Git as the s main technology.
What is GitHub?
GitHub is an online hosting service for repositories. It has all the functions of distributed version control and source control functionality — everything that supports Git and even more. GitHub allows you to share repositories, access other’s repositories, store remote copies of your repositories (GitHub servers) as a backup of your local copies. Developers use GitHub in conjunction with Git as it allows to save their code online.
GitHub lets developers interact with each other in different projects. GitHub also boasts access control, bug tracking, task management and a wiki for each project. The goal of GitHub is to promote developer interaction., it was called a sort of Facebook for developers, in Facebook people share posts and pictures, in Github developers share code.
The project uploaded to GitHub can be accessed using the Git command line interface and Git commands. There are also other functions, such as documentation, change requests (pull requests), commit history, integration with many popular services, email notifications, emoji, schedules, nested task lists, @ mention system, similar to the one in Twitter, etc.
GitHub and Git
Summarizing everything and to put all dots on i. Git is a tool for implementing a distributed version control system, and GitHub is a service for projects using Git. It is a wrapper built on Git technology with a UI and other functionalities by another third-party firm, it is actually a product owned by somebody or some group based on git technology, whereas it is open source.