Robotics Projects for Engineering Students

ROBOTICS PROJECTS FOR ENGINEERING STUDENTS

By definition, robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots. Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and science which includes  electronics engineering, computer science, mechanical engineering, and others. It deals with the design, construction, operation, and use of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, mechatronics, nanotechnology and bioengineering. Here the description of latest Robotics Projects for Engineering Students.

What is a Robot?

A robot is a highly advanced form of Artificial Intelligence which mimics the human activities.

By definition, A robot is a machine programmable by a computer and capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically. Robots can be guided by an external control device or the control may be embedded within.

Robots for working in society

Commercial and industrial robots are now in widespread use performing jobs more cheaply or with greater accuracy and reliability than humans. They are also employed for jobs which are too dirty, dangerous or dull to be suitable for humans. Robots are widely used in manufacturing, assembly and packing, transport, earth and space exploration, surgery, weaponry, laboratory research, and mass production of consumer and industrial goods.

Characteristics of Robots:

  • Automatic system robots perform operations without any external help.
  •  Robots consist of mechanical devices for doing work.
  •  Automatic Robots should be responsible based on their sensory input.
  • Robots can carry out multifunctional system.
  • We can reuse the robots by reprogramming them.
  • A Robot is flexible to perform different kinds of job.

Classification of Robots:

 Robots can be classified on the basis of application and Kinematics.

Classification on the basis of Application:

  • Industrial robots – Industrial robots are used in an industrial manufacturing and applications.
  • Domestic or household robots – Robots used at home. This type of robots includes many quite different devices such as robotic vacuum cleaners, robotic pool cleaners, sweepers, gutter cleaners and other robots that can do different chores.
  • Service robots – These could be different data gathering robots, robots made to show off technologies, robots used for research, etc.
  • Medical robots – Robots used in medicine and medical institutions.
  • Military robots – Robots used in military. This type of robots includes bomb disposal robots, different transportation robots, reconnaissance drones, Spy Robots.
  • Entertainment robots -This is category of toy robots such as robosapien or the running alarm clock and ends with real heavyweights such as articulated robot arms used as motion simulators.
  • Space robots – This form include robots used on the Space Station. It includes robots that are used in Shuttles, as well as Mars rovers and other robots used in space.
  • Hobby and competition robots – Robots that you create just for fun are included in this category. Line followers, sumo-bots, Fighting Robots, Racing Robots etc.

Classification based on Kinematics:

 1. Stationary robots (These can work in a limited area)

  • Cartesian or Gantry Robots
  • Spherical Robots
  • Cylindrical Robots
  • SCARA robots
  • Articulated robots (robotic arms)
  • Parallel robots

 2. Legged robots

  • Bipedal robots (humanoid robots)
  • Tripedal robots
  • Quadrupedal robots
  • hexapod robots

 3.Wheeled robots

  • One wheeled robots
  • Two-wheel robots
  • Three and more wheel robots

4. Swimming Robots

5. Flying Robots

6. Mobile Spherical(Ball) Robots

 7. Swarm Robots

8. Miscellaneous

Most exciting Robotics Projects for Engineering Students

1. Gesture Based Robots:

gesture robots

The are the robots that involve human-machine interaction. Our hand movements can control the robot. An accelerometer sensor  controls the robot’s movement which can detect the movement of human hand along 3 axes.

Major components:

Microcontroller – It acts as the brain of the robot and controls the voltage given to the motors

ADXL 335 – It is the accelerometer sensor that can be used to detect the hand movement

DC Motors – It  operates the robotic vehicle based on the output from the microcontroller

 

2. Voice controlled Robots:

Voice recognition or Speech recognition is the technology through which a machine can identify the words from a spoken language.  Mobile application like Maps, Smart Assistants etc. use it. We can use voice recognition technology to give instructions to a robot and control the movement. Wireless or blutooth connectivity establishes the communication.

Major Components:

Microcontroller – It acts as the brain of the robot and controls the voltage given to the motors

Bluetooth Module – It will be embedded in the robot & will be used to establish a communication channel between the robot and user

DC Motors – It will be used to operate the robotic vehicle based on the output from the microcontroller

Android App – It should connect with the speech recognition software to make the system recognize the words spoken.

 

3. Mobile based Robot

mobile robots

Mobile robotics uses the DTMF or Dual Tone Multiple Frequency to control the robot movements. DTMF is simply the tone that you can hear when you dial the numbers in your mobile phone. Each number in the dialer will be assigned with a unique frequency and we can use that to control the robot’s movement.

Major Components:

Microcontroller – It acts as the brain of the robot and controls the voltage given to the motors

DTMF Module – It will be embedded in the robot and connected to a mobile via AUX cable

DC Motors – It operate the robotic vehicle based on the output from the microcontroller

4. Bluetooth based Robots

bluetooth robots

Bluetooth controlled robotics involves the operation of robots in accordance with the signals sent from a smart phone using an Android Application and Bluetooth communication. This  communication establish a connection between the user and the system through a microcontroller  to process the signals. These kinds of robots have its applications varying from operating a remote vehicle to carrying out unmanned missions.

To build this Smart Irrigation Project you will need 4 major components,

Microcontroller – It acts as the brain of the robot and controls the voltage given to the motors

Bluetooth Module – It will be embedded in the robot & will be used to establish a communication channel between the robot and user

DC Motors – It  operate the robotic vehicle based on the output from the microcontroller

5. WiFi based Robots

wifi robots

WiFi has become an integral part of our lives and is a mode connection among various electronic devices. This project will help you to understand the integration of the Internet and embedded technology. By doing this project you will build a robot that operates remotely via a computer/ website using WiFi as the mode of communication. A WiFi module  establishes a connection between the robot and the user.

Microcontroller – It acts as the brain of the robot and controls operation of the motors

ESP8266 WiFi Module – It will be embedded in the robot & will be used to establish connection between the microcontroller and the embedded system

DC Motors – It  operates the robotic vehicle based on the output from the microcontroller

6. Sensor Based Robots

sensor robots

Sensors are one of the major components  in robotics projects. By doing this project you can understand about the integration, calibration and testing of sensors. Here you can use IR sensors to detect the obstacles and program the robot to follow or avoid it. IR sensors can sense the Infra-red rays   emitted from obstacles and use that to send signals to the micro-controller.

Microcontroller – It acts as the brain of the robot and controls operation of the motors

IR sensors – It will be embedded in the robot & will be used to detect the objects in the path and send signals to the micro-controller

DC Motors – It  operates the robotic vehicle based on the output from the microcontroller

7. Swarm Robots

 

 

Swarm Robotics deals with the Artificial Swarm Intelligence and involves the usage of multiple robots which can coordinate among themselves to complete a mission. The communication will happen wirelessly between the robots and they move accordingly. By doing this project, you will develop a master as well as a slave robot that communicates with each other wirelessly. The master robot controls the slave robot while performing its own task and the slave robot functions based on the signal received from the master robot both being autonomous.

Microcontroller – It acts as the brain of the robot and controls operation of the motors

RF Transmitter & Encoder – It will be embedded in the master robot and will be used to encode and transmit the signals to the slave robot

RF Receiver & Decoder –It will be embedded in the slave robot and will be used to receive & decode the signals coming from the master robot

DC Motors –It  operates the robotic vehicle based on the output from the microcontroller

8. Autonomous Robots

autonomus robot

 

Autonomous robots can act on their own, independent of any controller. The basic idea is to program the robot to respond to the external stimuli. For the robot to move along a defined path we use a programmed Arduino board . This will act as the robot’s brain and process the data coming from the IR sensors. Arduino is an embedded system. It acts as a brain for thousands of projects, from everyday object to complex scientific instruments and understands the Arduino Architecture and its programming.

You will need the following components to complete the project,

Arduino Uno – It acts as the brain of the robot and process the signal coming from IR sensors

IR sensors – It will be embedded in the robot & will be used to detect the objects in the path and send signals to the Arduino Uno

DC Motors – It operates the robotic vehicle based on the output from the microcontroller

List of Latest Robotics Projects for Engineering Students

  • Voice operated  Fire extinguisher Robot.

  • RF based remote controlled robot with wireless mounted video camera

  • Zigbee based  boat  with wireless video and voice transmission and night vision capability.

  • Autonomous Obstacle Detection Robot with artificial vision.

  • Accelerometer (Gyroscope) Controlled Robot.

  • Intelligent Robot controlled with Touch Screen.

  • Blutooth Operated Autonomus Robot.

  • DTMF based humanless Robotic boat control for ocean research application.

  • Human Detection Wireless Robot based on RF technology.

  • Micro Electro Mechanical Sensor (MEMS) and Accelerometer based self-balancing robot.

  • Servo motor controlled wireless video camera control system.

  • IR based Visible Light Tracing and follower Robot operated with remote control.

  • Human-robot interface using robust speech recognition.

  • DTMF based Automatic robot.

  • Obstacle detection robot with mechanical sensing switches.

  • Computer controlled Pic and Place Robot (wired or wireless).

  • Line Follower Robot.

  • Bomb detection Robot.

  • Quad-copter with Video camera surveillance system.

  • Remote Controlled Land Rover.

  • Smoke and LPG Gas detection robot with wireless control.

  • Wireless Voice and image transmission robot for surveillance system.

  • Wall Follower Robot.

  • Digital Compass and GPS based self navigating Robot.

  • speech controlled wireless elevator system.

  • Bomb displacing robot with wireless video camera controlled form PC/Laptop.

  • Landmine Detecting Wireless Robot.

  • Autonomous Cleaner Robot.

  • Autonomous garbage collecting Robot.

  •  Fire Fighter  wireless Robot.

  •  Wireless operated War field spy Robot with night vision wireless camera.

  • Automated Cooking Robot.

You can easily build your own robots by referring to following course

Learn Robotics

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