The magnificence of Electronics and Communication lies in its ubiquity! Electronic devices have become a major part of our lives. With the evolution of technology, Electronics and Communication has become an essential discipline that is required by every other industry. Now the world can no longer undermine the significance that Electronics and Communication discipline carries. Hence, Electronics and Communication engineering is one of the most sought after branches by students. Consequently, in this article we will be reviewing the scope of Electronics and Communication Engineering.
The scope of Electronics and Communication Engineering
Popular areas of study in ECE –
Taking the educational scope and career choices into consideration, here are the popular areas of study in the field of Electronics and Communication.
Embedded systems :
Embedded Systems are one of the leading specializations in the field of Electronics and Communications. These systems are a combination of hardware and software that are dedicated for a specific function. These systems are programmed systems in which software is usually embedded in to the hardware to perform particular tasks.
The motive behind Electronics has always stood on three principles –
- Compactness (size).
VLSI is the discipline of ECE that engages all of the above principles efficiently. It is the most widely used technology for Integrated Circuits (ICs), Microchips, and Component designing. An Acronym for Very Large-Scale Integration, VLSI is the phenomenon of integrating hundreds of thousands of transistors on a single Silicon Microchip. VLSI was one of the biggest contributions to Electronics and Communication.
Wireless Communication :
Wireless Communications play a significant roles in our daily lives. This type of Communication incorporates the techniques of communication between two or more systems without any physical medium or channel. A great example is Wi-Fi. Some of the important types of Wireless communication are –
- Satellite Communication.
- Microwave Communication.
- Radio Communication.
- Mobile Communication.
Another important branch of Electronics and Communication is Robotics. This field deals with the construction, utilization, and control of machines that can replicate human motions. Robots are machines that are used to substitute human labor for various tasks. Robotics is a hot trend in the field of Electronics and Communications.
Digital Image Processing :
Digital Image Processing is the discipline that deals with the processing of digital images with the help of computer algorithms. Consequently, this branch has many advantages. A major merit is the improvement of pictorial representation in terms of signal noise and signal distortion.
Analog and Digital Electronics :
Electronics and Communication Engineering is divided into two broad categories. Analog Electronics is the field in which electronic systems deal with a continuously variable signal, While Digital electronics deal with the signals taking only to levels. This stream deals with basic gates, combinational logic circuits, transistors, amplifiers, flip-flops and many more devices.
Internet of Things :
The IoT was one technology that took the world by storm. IoT crept into almost every sphere of technology, be it Healthcare, Home appliances , or Security systems. Furthermore, the Internet of Things is so efficient that every difficult task can be simplified by introducing IoT into it. Therefore, the IoT will continue to be a leading trend in the coming years.
Potential recruiters and sectors –
There is a plethora of career opportunities in Government and Private sectors regarding ECE. Here are some of the important sectors and recruiters for ECE students.
Government Sector :
For a career in the Public Sector Units (PSUs), students need to clear Gate, usually followed by an interview. PSUs recruit ECE students majorly by Gate. However, There are some organizations, such as ISRO, which conduct their own exams as well.
- ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization).
- ECIL (Electronics Corporation of India Limited).
- BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Center).
- DRDO (Defense Research and Development Organization).
- BEL (Bharat Electronics Limited).
- DERL (Defense Electronics and Research Laboratory).
- BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited).
- HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited).
- Railway Departments.
Private Sector :
- Intel Corporation.
- Samsung Electronics.
- Texas Instruments.
- Phillips Semiconductors.
- Hewlett-Packard (HP).
- International Business Machines Corporation (IBM).
- Cisco Systems.
- HCL Technologies.
The merits of choosing ECE –
Now that we are familiar with the scope of Electronics and Communication, it is time to talk about why ECE is one of the best disciplines to choose.
The ability to switch between Hardware and Software fields –
The most important benefits that Electronics and Communication branch provides you is freedom. the freedom to drift between hardware field and software field. Furthermore this is also the reason that a lot of industries choose to prefer Electronics and Communications engineers over other engineers. During the four years of Electronics and Communication Engineering, students gain the knowledge of both the hardware and the software aspects. While they learn about electronic circuits, devices, and communication systems, they also learn about embedded systems, programming languages, and assembly languages. An Electronics and Communication Engineer, who has knowledge about the hardware field, and also has a grip over some computer languages, will be more successful during his career than another student who are proficient only in the software field. Hence, Electronics and Communication Engineers can switch from hardware to software field, but it is not the other way around.
The range of Electronics and Communication –
When we think about ECE, we usually picture people working in Integrated Chip (IC) manufacturing industries. However, Electronics and Communication is a far more versatile field. Earlier in this article, we reviewed the wide range of career opportunities offered by ECE. Electronics and Communications encompasses fields such as computer engineering, control systems, image processing, power systems, opto-electronics, analog and digital circuit designing, and many other fields. Consequently, ECE students are free to choose one of the many many fields offered by ECE according to their passion and capabilities. Therefore Electronics and Communication is an extremely vast field.
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Career Outlook for Electronics and Communication Engineers –
The demand for Electronics and Communication Engineering is increasing exponentially by the day. The scope for Electronics and Communication Engineers is quite high in public sectors. The private sectors are preferring ECE students as well. However, there has been some issues over the quality of engineers irrespective of the branch, that are being hired for jobs. To be a successful engineer, one has to be constantly updated with the emerging trends and technologies in his industry. Remember, learning is a life long process.
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