This the era of technology. But we are still confused between what should be considered as an Smart, connected and IoT device and what should be not.
This Article will help you to understand the difference between them.
The most important distinction is at the core of the IoT product – the software-defined product. The software-defined product, sometimes referred to as the digital twin, consists of two main components:
The cyber model and product app. Together with analytics they are what I call, the trio of value. The model quantifies the incremental value an IoT product delivers.
What is digital twin?
Digital twin refers to a digital replica of physical assets (physical twin), processes and systems that can be used for various purposes. The digital representation provides both the elements and the dynamics of how an Internet of Things device operates and lives throughout its life cycle.
Digital twins integrate artificial intelligence, machine learning and software analytics with data to create living digital simulation models that update and change as their physical counterparts change. A digital twin continuously learns and updates itself from multiple sources to represent its near real-time status, working condition or position.
This learning system, learns from itself, using sensor data that conveys various aspects of its operating condition; from human experts, such as engineers with deep and relevant industry domain knowledge, from other similar machines; from other similar fleets of machines; and from the larger systems and environment in which it may be a part of. A digital twin also integrates historical data from past machine usage to factor into its digital model.
In various industrial sectors, twins are being used to optimize the operation and maintenance of physical assets, systems and manufacturing processes. They are a formative technology for the Industrial Internet of Things, where physical objects can live and interact with other machines and people virtually.
Here is a brief explanations of these Devices.
They provide some level of automation and can be programmed for some specific use. Most device have some local computing with intuitive user interface.
Though configuration flexibility is limited, but they are fast and efficient in doing what they expected to do. Think smart coffee machine — with press of few configurable buttons it can wake you up in the morning with a ready cup of hot coffee.
Another example is smart thermostat that maintains the temperature of your room. Earlier, these devices were not required to connect to network and used to work autonomously but now most smart devices are connected — blurring the line between smart and connected device. Smart bulb, speaker, thermostat or security cameras are connected device.
Remotely controlled and monitored. Mobile app on your mobile can be used connect the device. You can brew your coffee by giving instructions from your mobile phone and once the coffee is ready you will get notification. You can set aroma, brew time, keep warm time etc. right from your mobile phone
Connectivity type could be Bluetooth, LTE, Wi-Fi or wired.
Smart and connected are used together. A smart and connected refrigerator can notify you on your smart phone that milk is over, some can even order online all by itself. They can also play music and movies, you can also use Facebook and twitter.
Software Defined Product based or Digital Twin having 1) product 2) Application 3) Analytics & 4)Internet/network
IoT devices are creating smart cities, smart factories and smart homes. You get smart door locks that can be opened by mobile, luggage tracker so that you don’t lose your laptop bag at the airport, plants irrigation sprinkler & controller, AWS IOT programmable dash buttons
They create more value than smart or connected devices- because they are more scalable, upgradable, automated and future ready.