What is Structural Training ?

what is structural training

What is Structural Training ?

Structural training  is that part of civil engineering in which structural engineers are educated to create the ‘bones and muscles’ that create the form and shape of man made structures.

In brief, Structural training  is responsible for virtually all infrastructure in the world.  Civil Engineering in itself encompasses several disciplines with Environmental, Geotechnical, and Structural Engineering being the most prevalent.

Structural Engineering deals specifically with the analysis, design and detailing of structural systems such as skyscrapers, bridges and dams, although the practice is in no way limited to such structures.  While Civil Engineers can design many structures, most clients prefer them to be designed by Structural Engineers.  Furthermore, some structures such as public schools and hospitals are typically required by law to be designed by a licensed Structural Engineer.

what is structural training

STRUCTURAL TRAINING

Structural Engineering is a specialized field of Civil Engineering concerned with the  planning, analysis, design, construction, monitoring , maintenance,  demolition of permanent and temporary structures and also the research into the behaviour of structural systems and their components and even more.As a result it requires a lot of skill.

It also considers the environmental, aesthetic and social aspects of structures.Probably nowadays structural engineers are having a lot of demand because of the tremendous and ultimate raise in the construction sectors.

Uses

The various structures can include residential and industrial buildings, Tall structures, bridges, Transmission line and microwave towers, chimneys,  elevated and underground water tanks, silos, bunkers, footings,space frames such as domes, multi layer grids, and folded plates,  shells, tensile and complicated structures, cooling towers, offshore platforms, including those for motor vehicles, space vehicles, ships.

They can be composed of any structural material such as stone,concrete, plastics, aluminium, including composites and novel materials.

Structural engineering is a creative profession and may be considered as an art as well as science. It makes a significant contribution to infrastructure, industry, as well as residential and recreational developments.

The structural design of a structure simply means that the elements of the structure are to be proportioned and joined together in such a way that they will be able to withstand all the loads (load effects), that are likely to act on it during its service life, without excessive rupture.

The structure should not collapse due to an abnormal loading such as that occurring during an earthquake.

Brief explanation

However, structural engineers work in the design of structures (carrying out the strength calculations, detailing and making structural drawings), others specialise in the construction of structures and some work in research. Structural engineers commonly work with architects, builders, electrical and chemical engineers to ensure that all parts of the structure are safe,  environment friendly, sustainable and capable of fulfilling their intended functions.

A great answer would be the following definition of a structural engineer:

“It  is the art of molding materials we don’t wholly understand, into shapes we can’t fully analyze, so as to withstand forces we can’t really access, in such a way that the community at large has no reason to suspect the extent of our ignorance.” — James E. Amrhein

Probably most of the structural engineers should know the above details.

Structural engineers design structures to withstand stresses and pressures imposed through environmental conditions and human use. They ensure buildings and other structures do not deflect and that they remain stable and secure throughout their use.

What are the Qualifications to become a structural engineer or structural training engineers?

As a structural engineer you’ll need to:

  • Analyse configurations of the basic structural components of a building likewise other structure ,because you will have to build a better structure.
  • Calculate the pressures, stresses and strains that each component, such as a beam , will experience from other parts of the structure due to human use or environmental pressures such as weather  or earthquake.
  • Examine structures at risk of collapse and advising how to improve their structural integrity, however recommending removal or repair of defective parts or rebuilding the entire structure;
  • Make drawings, specifications and computer models of structures for building contractors,even more related to construction.
  • Another most important work is with geo technical engineers to investigate ground conditions and find out the results of soil sample tests;
  • Liaise with construction contractors to ensure that newly erected buildings are structurally sound;
  • Apply expert knowledge of the forces that act on various structures;
  • Use computers and computer-aided design (CAD) technology for simulation purposes.

You will need to have:

  • Good analytical and problem-solving skills;
  • Strong mathematical ability;
  • Computer knowledge;
  • A grasp of physics;
  • Three-dimensional conceptual skills;
  • Excellent oral and written communication skills;
  • Diagrammatic skills;
  • Attention to detail;
  • The ability to cope up well with professionals from other disciplines;
  • An interest in the design and structure of buildings.

Hence, Structural engineers should realise the importance of sustainability both in your practice and in your life .

Another thing that  Engineers should make an effort is to learn more about the aspects of sustainable design and construction.

 Just like building codes and materials,aspects of the use and enforcement of sustainable practices change over time

Finally,Structural engineers  normally need a degree or postgraduate qualification in structural or civil engineering.

APPLICATIONS OF STRUCTURAL TRAINING:

List of Books :

  1. Limit State Design of Steel Structures by McGraw Hill Education
  2. Design of Steel Structures: By Limit State Method as Per IS: 800-2007 by I K International Publishing House Pvt. Ltd
  3. Steel Structures: Design and Practice by Oxford

Certainly this is a good book for civil engineering students, well there are many students they struggle to get good marks in this subject, so if you are in that category then let me share with you one simple tip that is start studying from day one, of course below I have shared more strategies for better preparation.

That’s why you can do much better in the examination.

  1. All the old IIT’s 
  2. All the old NIT’s
  3. Other Leading Colleges/Govt institutions :Almost all the leading government colleges offer this course
  • Delhi Technological University (DTU)
  • Center for Environmental Planning and Technology University, Ahmadabad
  • Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, MumbaI

 Certainly, engineers  can consider all the new IIT’s and NIT’s as well. Because of the high demand for structural engineers.So,they can expect a good career.

It seems most of the institutions started offering this course.

Finally, all the best to the structural engineers,and I hope by this time you would have understood what is structural training.

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