What is Structural Training ?
Structural training is that part of civil engineering in which structural engineers are educated to create the ‘bones and muscles’ that create the form and shape of man made structures.
In brief, Structural training is responsible for virtually all infrastructure in the world. Civil Engineering in itself encompasses several disciplines with Environmental, Geotechnical, and Structural Engineering being the most prevalent.
Structural Engineering deals specifically with the analysis, design and detailing of structural systems such as skyscrapers, bridges and dams, although the practice is in no way limited to such structures. While Civil Engineers can design many structures, most clients prefer them to be designed by Structural Engineers. Furthermore, some structures such as public schools and hospitals are typically required by law to be designed by a licensed Structural Engineer.
Structural Engineering is a specialized field of Civil Engineering concerned with the planning, analysis, design, construction, monitoring , maintenance, demolition of permanent and temporary structures and also the research into the behaviour of structural systems and their components and even more.As a result it requires a lot of skill.
It also considers the environmental, aesthetic and social aspects of structures.Probably nowadays structural engineers are having a lot of demand because of the tremendous and ultimate raise in the construction sectors.
The various structures can include residential and industrial buildings, Tall structures, bridges, Transmission line and microwave towers, chimneys, elevated and underground water tanks, silos, bunkers, footings,space frames such as domes, multi layer grids, and folded plates, shells, tensile and complicated structures, cooling towers, offshore platforms, including those for motor vehicles, space vehicles, ships.
They can be composed of any structural material such as stone,concrete, plastics, aluminium, including composites and novel materials.
Structural engineering is a creative profession and may be considered as an art as well as science. It makes a significant contribution to infrastructure, industry, as well as residential and recreational developments.
The structural design of a structure simply means that the elements of the structure are to be proportioned and joined together in such a way that they will be able to withstand all the loads (load effects), that are likely to act on it during its service life, without excessive rupture.
The structure should not collapse due to an abnormal loading such as that occurring during an earthquake.
However, structural engineers work in the design of structures (carrying out the strength calculations, detailing and making structural drawings), others specialise in the construction of structures and some work in research. Structural engineers commonly work with architects, builders, electrical and chemical engineers to ensure that all parts of the structure are safe, environment friendly, sustainable and capable of fulfilling their intended functions.
A great answer would be the following definition of a structural engineer:
“It is the art of molding materials we don’t wholly understand, into shapes we can’t fully analyze, so as to withstand forces we can’t really access, in such a way that the community at large has no reason to suspect the extent of our ignorance.” — James E. Amrhein
Probably most of the structural engineers should know the above details.